Have you seen these epic images of nightskies where you can see all the structures of the Milky Way?
Amazing isn’t it? In this blogpost and video I am going to tell you how to create those amazing images. All you need are the three steps below.
Watch the Video on how to photograph the Milky Way
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Step 1 – Right Timing
The right timing is crucial. The Milky Way is alway there above our head, but you can not see it all the time in the same way. The moon and the seasons make the great part of the Milky Way (the galactical centre) more or less visible. Also it depends on which part of the earth you are. When you are north of the equator you see a different part than south of the equator.
Step 2 – VERY Dark Place
Finding the right spot to photograph the Milky Way is sometimes not easy. What might help you is a dark sky map like this one. There you can see where you can find really dark places. The darker the place, the better you can see and photograph the Milky Way. To photograph it great, you need to see it great. That’s the whole deal. What I can recommend, e.g. in an populated country or area, is to go to national parks and mountain areas. It is usually much darker there then elsewhere.
Step 3 – Right Equipment and Settings
The right equipment is the last step. I would say the two above are even more important than this third step. What you need to remember is: It’s dark! What you need is: Light! All available light possible on the sensor of your camera.
That means: long shutter speed, open aperture, HIGH ISO!
I usually start from f 2.8, 15 seconds, ISO 6400 and then take a look on what I need to adjust.
With this chart you can see how long you can expose without getting “star-lines” with your focal length.
The formula behind the numbers is:
500/focal length = longest exposure without star trails
|Focal Length||Full Frame||Nikon APSC 1.5||Canon/Sony APSC 1.6|
|10mm||–||33 sec||31 sec|
|14mm||36 sec||24 sec||22 sec|
|16mm||31 sec||21 sec||20 sec|
|20mm||25 sec||17 sec||16 sec|
|24mm||21 sec||14 sec||13 sec|
|28mm||18 sec||12 sec||11 sec|
|35mm||14 sec||10 sec||9 sec|
|50mm||10 sec||7 sec||6 sec|
|85mm||6 sec||4 sec||4 sec|
But note that it totally depends on your lens and I often take a shorter exposure because of the star trails appearing in the corners of my picture.
Great Lenses for Milky Way Photography
My favorite combination for night and star photography right now is the Sony a7s/sII with Commlite AF Adapter/Phorex by #jaworskyj and Sigma 20 mm 1.4*
If you are interessted in learning more about landscape photography check out my full video course “Learn Landscape Photography”.
We filmed this course in the beautiful landscape of Norway and it contains all my best photography techniques that you need to take amazing landscape photos!
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